How To Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial

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Rotating image like of 90 deg, 180 deg is sometimes works when we work with UI/UX. It is super easy in codeigniter 4. In CodeIgniter 4 we have image processing library due to which everything like resize, rotate, crop, adding a text watermark is very easy.

While going through this article content, you will also see what extensions in php we need while working with image processing methods.

Inside this article we will learn How to Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial.

Here, we have more articles on Image manipulation Class of CodeIgniter 4.

  • Add Text Watermark on Image CodeIgniter 4, Click here.
  • Resize Image before upload to server in CodeIgniter 4, Click here.

Learn More –

Let’s get started.

Environment (.env) Setup

When we install CodeIgniter 4, we will have env file at root. To use the environment variables means using variables at global scope we need to do env to .env

Either we can do via renaming file as simple as that. Also we can do by terminal command.

Open project in terminal

cp env .env

Above command will create a copy of env file to .env file. Now we are ready to use environment variables.

Enable Development Mode

CodeIgniter starts up in production mode by default. You need to make it in development mode to see any error if you are working with application.

Open .env file from root.

# CI_ENVIRONMENT = production

 // Do it to 
CI_ENVIRONMENT = development

Now application is in development mode.

Needed PHP Extension Before Work

While working with image related stuff in PHP, make sure your PHP version should have these two most common image processing libraries GD Library and Imagick extensions enabled.

Whether your system already contains these extensions or not you can verify like this –

  • Create info.php file at your localhost directory
  • <?php phpinfo(); ?> Add this code into info.php file.
  • Run this file into browser

You should see these information into php information page.

GD Extension Enabled

Imagick Extension Enabled

So, these two extensions we need, if you don’t have. Please install it first.

Create Controller

We need now a controller file. Back to terminal and run this spark command to create.

$ php spark make:controller Image --suffix

This will creates a file ImageController.php at /app/Controllers folder.

Open ImageController.php and write this complete code into it,


namespace App\Controllers;

use App\Controllers\BaseController;

class ImageController extends BaseController
	public function index()
		if ($this->request->getMethod() == "post") {

			$rules = [
				"name" => "required|min_length[3]|max_length[40]",
				"image" => [
					"rules" => "uploaded[image]|max_size[image,1024]|is_image[image]|mime_in[image,image/jpg,image/jpeg,image/gif,image/png]",
					"label" => "Image",

			if (!$this->validate($rules)) {

				return view("upload-image", [
					"validation" => $this->validator,
			} else {

				$file = $this->request->getFile("image");

				$session = session();
				$image = $file->getName();

				if ($file->move("images", $image)) {

					// image path - upload rotated image
					$rotateImages = "rotated-images";

					// rotate uploaded image to 180 deg. Also we have 90 deg, 270 deg.
					\Config\Services::image()->withFile('images/' . $image)
						->save($rotateImages . '/' . $image);

					// You can add your code here to save into database

					$session->setFlashdata("success", "Image rotated successfully");

		return view("upload-image");
  • When we upload image, it will be rotated and save into a different folder.
  • So we will get two different images. Original image inside /images folder and rotated images inside /rotated-images folder.

Create Layout File

Go inside /app/Views folder and create a file add-product.php. Open this file and write this complete code into it.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

    <title>How To Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="">
    <script src=""></script>
    <script src=""></script>
        .errors li {
            color: red;


    <div class="container">
        <h2 style="text-align: center;">How To Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial</h2>
        <div class="panel panel-primary">
            <div class="panel-heading">How To Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial</div>
            <div class="panel-body">

                <?php if (session()->get("success")) { ?>
                    <div class="alert alert-success">
                        <?= session()->get("success") ?>
                <?php } ?>

                // To print error messages
                if (isset($validation)) {


                <form action="<?= base_url('upload-image') ?>" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <input type="file" name="image" class="form-control" class="image">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Save</button>



Create Images Folders

We need to create two folders inside /public folder which is at root.

  • images folder inside as /public/images – It will store original images
  • rotated-images inside as /public/rotated-images – It will store rotated images.

Create Route

Open Routes.php from /routes folder and add this route into it.


$routes->match(["get", "post"], "upload-image", "ImageController::index");


Application Testing

Open project terminal and start development server via command:

php spark serve

URL: http://localhost:8080/upload-image

When we upload image, it will rotate to 180 deg according to written code.

Original Image

After 180 deg rotation,

We hope this article helped you to learn How To Rotate Image in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more