How To Use Laravel 10 Queue To Send Emails Tutorial

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Laravel’s queue system provides a powerful mechanism for handling time-consuming tasks, such as sending emails, in a background process, ensuring a smoother and more responsive user experience. Leveraging Laravel 10’s queue system to send emails allows developers to offload email sending tasks to background jobs, optimizing application performance.

In this tutorial, we’ll see the comprehensive process of utilizing Laravel 10’s queue system to send emails. This functionality empowers developers to queue email sending tasks, enabling faster responses for users while the emails are processed asynchronously in the background.

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Let’s get started.

Laravel Installation

Open terminal and run this command to create a laravel project.

composer create-project laravel/laravel myblog

It will create a project folder with name myblog inside your local system.

To start the development server of laravel –

php artisan serve

URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000

Assuming laravel already installed inside your system.

Step #1: Setup Mail Class with Configuration

Create a Mail class using Laravel Mail facade,

php artisan make:mail SendEmailTest

It will create a new folder “Mail” in app directory with SendEmailTest.php file.

Open app/Mail/SendEmailTest.php file and write this complete code into it,

<?php
  
namespace App\Mail;
  
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailables\Content;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailables\Envelope;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
  
class SendEmailTest extends Mailable
{
    use Queueable, SerializesModels;
    /**
     * Create a new message instance.
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
          
    }
  
    /**
     * Get the message envelope.
     */
    public function envelope(): Envelope
    {
        return new Envelope(
            subject: 'Mail from Online Web Tutor',
        );
    }
  
    /**
     * Get the message content definition.
     */
    public function content(): Content
    {
        return new Content(
            view: 'emails.test',
        );
    }
  
    /**
     * Get the attachments for the message.
     *
     * @return array

     */
    public function attachments(): array
    {
        return [];
    }
}

Next,

We have to create a blade file for email template,

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Email Template Settings

Create a blade view file test.blade.php inside resources/views/emails folder.

Open file and write this complete code into it,

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>How To Use Laravel 10 Queue To Send Emails Tutorial</title>
</head>
<body>
   
<center>
<h2 style="padding: 23px;background: #b3deb8a1;border-bottom: 6px green solid;">
    <a href="https://onlinewebtutorblog.com/">Visit Our Website : Online Web Tutor</a>
</h2>
</center>
  
<p>Hi User,</p>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam,
quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo
consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse
cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non
proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.</p>
  
<strong>Best Regards,</strong>
  
</body>
</html>

Step #2: How To Configure SMTP in Laravel?

To configure SMTP details, open up the file .env from application root.

We will pass mail driver as gmail server, mail host, mail port, mail username, mail password.

//..

MAIL_MAILER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com
MAIL_PORT=587
MAIL_USERNAME="your_username@gmail.com"
MAIL_PASSWORD="your_password"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=null
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS="your_email_address@gmail.com"
MAIL_FROM_NAME="Online Web Tutor Support"

//...

Step #3: Queue Configuration

Configure queue driver,

Open .env file and update this key value,

QUEUE_CONNECTION=database

After that you need to generate migration and create tables for queue,

php artisan queue:table

Run Migrations,

php artisan migrate

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Step #4: Setup Queue Job

Open project terminal and run this command.

php artisan make:job SendEmailJob

It will create app/Jobs/SendEmailJob.php queue job file. Open file and add this complete code into it,

<?php
  
namespace App\Jobs;
  
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldBeUnique;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use App\Mail\SendEmailTest;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;
  
class SendEmailJob implements ShouldQueue
{
    use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;
  
    protected $details;
  
    /**
     * Create a new job instance.
     */
    public function __construct($details)
    {
        $this->details = $details;
    }
  
    /**
     * Execute the job.
     */
    public function handle(): void
    {
        $email = new SendEmailTest();
        Mail::to($this->details['email'])->send($email);
    }
}

Step #5: Add Route

Open web.php file from /routes folder. Add this route and code into it.

Route::get('email-test', function(){
  
    $details['email'] = 'email_to@gmail.com';
  
    dispatch(new App\Jobs\SendEmailJob($details));
  
    dd('done');
});

Step #6: Test Queue Job

Next, you have to run the given command to see queue process.

php artisan queue:work

Don’t close this terminal tab. It will show your running job status.

Application Testing

Run this command into project terminal to start development server,

php artisan serve

URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/email-test

Output

done

Job Queue Status

That’s it.

We hope this article helped you to learn about How To Use Laravel 10 Queue To Send Emails Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more