CodeIgniter 4 Integration of Google reCaptcha v2

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Inside this article we will see the concept of CodeIgniter 4 Integration of Google reCaptcha v2 Tutorial. Google reCAPTCHA is a CAPTCHA system that enables web hosts to distinguish between human and automated access to websites.

Tutorial will help you to understand the integration of google recaptcha v2 in CodeIgniter 4. This will be step by step guide article.

Google reCaptcha that provide security against hackers and sticks or curl requests. It assures that a computer user is a human. It is the best and most used captcha system available where users are only required to click on a checkbox and in some cases select some similar images related to conman question.

Learn More –

Let’ get started.


CodeIgniter 4 Installation

To create a CodeIgniter 4 setup run this given command into your shell or terminal. Please make sure composer should be installed.

$ composer create-project codeigniter4/appstarter codeigniter-4

Assuming you have successfully installed application into your local system.


Environment (.env) Setup

When we install CodeIgniter 4, we will have env file at root. To use the environment variables means using variables at global scope we need to do env to .env

Either we can do via renaming file as simple as that. Also we can do by terminal command.

Open project in terminal

$ cp env .env

Above command will create a copy of env file to .env file. Now we are ready to use environment variables.

Enable Development Mode

CodeIgniter starts up in production mode by default. You need to make it in development mode to see any error if you are working with application.

Open .env file from root.

# CI_ENVIRONMENT = production

 // Do it to 
 
CI_ENVIRONMENT = development

Now application is in development mode.


Google reCaptcha Credentials

Open browser and hit this link, it will need to login via your google account. Please login to create google recaptcha credentials.

You need to do these,

  • Label name
  • Select reCaptcha version type
  • Domain to be linked

Click on Submit

Copy your Site Key and Secret Key from here.


Settings Environment Variables

Open .env file from application and add these keys into it.

...

RECAPTCHAV2_SITEKEY=6Ld4vpIcAAAAAEbXsVW_4UXQB4TtfUyEvG64SJQg

RECAPTCHAV2_SECRET=6Ld4vpIcAAAAAN0fM3rrRuxejK4E_hM6m4ia89RJ

...

Create Controller

Open project into terminal and run this spark command to create controller.

$ php spark make:controller Register --suffix

It will create RegisterController.php file inside /app/Controllers folder.

Open RegisterController.php write this complete code into it.

<?php

namespace App\Controllers;

use App\Controllers\BaseController;

class RegisterController extends BaseController
{
    public function index()
    {
        return view('register');
    }

    public function googleCaptachStore()
    {
        $recaptchaResponse = trim($this->request->getVar('g-recaptcha-response'));

        // form data

        $secret = env('RECAPTCHAV2_SITEKEY');

        $credential = array(
            'secret' => $secret,
            'response' => $recaptchaResponse
        );

        $verify = curl_init();
        curl_setopt($verify, CURLOPT_URL, "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api/siteverify");
        curl_setopt($verify, CURLOPT_POST, true);
        curl_setopt($verify, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query($credential));
        curl_setopt($verify, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
        curl_setopt($verify, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
        $response = curl_exec($verify);

        $status = json_decode($response, true);

        $session = session();

        if ($status['success']) {

            $session->setFlashdata('msg', 'Form has been successfully submitted');
        } else {

            $session->setFlashdata('msg', 'Please check your inputs');
        }

        return redirect()->to('form');
    }
}

Layout Template

Next,

Create a file with name register.php inside /app/Views folder.

Open register.php and write this code into it.

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
    <title>Codeigniter 4 Integration of Google Recaptcha v2</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.3.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.js"></script>
    <script src='https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api.js'></script>
    <style>
        .error {
            color: red;
        }
    </style>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="container" style="margin-top:30px;">

        <div class="row">
            <div class="col-md-9">
                <h3>User Form</h3>
                <div class="error"><strong><?= session('msg') ?></strong></div>
                <br />
                <form method="post" action="<?= base_url('form-submit') ?>">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="formGroupExampleInput">Name</label>
                        <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" id="formGroupExampleInput" placeholder="Please enter name">
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="email">Email Id</label>
                        <input type="text" name="email" class="form-control" id="email" placeholder="Please enter email id">
                    </div>
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="mobile_number">Mobile Number</label>
                        <input type="text" name="mobile_number" class="form-control" id="mobile_number" placeholder="Please enter mobile number" maxlength="10">
                    </div>
                    <div class="g-recaptcha" data-sitekey="<?= env('RECAPTCHAV2_SITEKEY') ?>"></div>
                    <br />
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <button type="submit" id="send_form" class="btn btn-success">Submit</button>
                    </div>
                </form>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

Add Route

Open Routes.php from /app/Config folder.

//..

$routes->get('form', 'RegisterController::index');
$routes->post('form-submit', 'RegisterController::googleCaptachStore');

//..

Application Testing

Open project terminal and start development server via command:

$ php spark serve

URL – http://localhost:8080/form

Form submit without inputs

Form submit with inputs

We hope this article helped you to learn CodeIgniter 4 Integration of Google reCaptcha v2 Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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