CodeIgniter 4 How To Get Single Row Data Tutorial

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In web development, retrieving a single row of data from a database is a common requirement for various application scenarios. In CodeIgniter 4, fetching a single record efficiently enables developers to access specific data entries, allowing targeted data manipulation and utilization.

In this tutorial, we’ll see the comprehensive process of fetching a single row of data from a database using CodeIgniter 4. This functionality empowers developers to retrieve specific records based on criteria.

There are several methods available to get single row data like using Models, using Query Builder, using Raw Queries.

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Let’s get started.

CodeIgniter 4 Installation

To create a CodeIgniter 4 setup run this given command into your shell or terminal. Please make sure composer should be installed.

composer create-project codeigniter4/appstarter codeigniter-4

Assuming you have successfully installed application into your local system.

Environment (.env) Setup

When we install CodeIgniter 4, we will have env file at root. To use the environment variables means using variables at global scope we need to do env to .env

Either we can do via renaming file as simple as that. Also we can do by terminal command.

Open project in terminal

cp env .env

Above command will create a copy of env file to .env file. Now we are ready to use environment variables.

Enable Development Mode

CodeIgniter starts up in production mode by default. You need to make it in development mode to see any error if you are working with application.

Open .env file from root.

# CI_ENVIRONMENT = production

 // Do it to 
 
CI_ENVIRONMENT = development

Now application is in development mode.

Database Connection

Open .env file from project root.

Search for DATABASE. You should see the connection environment variables into it. Put your updated details of database connection string values.

 
#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# DATABASE
#--------------------------------------------------------------------

database.default.hostname = localhost
database.default.database = codeigniter4_app
database.default.username = admin
database.default.password = admin
database.default.DBDriver = MySQLi
database.default.DBPrefix =
database.default.port = 3306
  

Now, database successfully connected with the application.

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Idea #1 – Working with Raw Queries

Suppose you have any controller and used raw query to get single row data.

Here, we have considered several cases to get single row

  • Single Row Data (Object Format)
  • Single Row Data in Array Format
  • First Single Row
  • Last Single Row
<?php

namespace App\Controllers;

class Site extends BaseController
{
    private $db;
    
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->db = db_connect();
    }

    // get single row
    public function getUsers()
    {
        $query = $this->db->query("SELECT * from users");

        echo "<pre>";
        print_r($query->getRow());
    }
}

Single row result in Object format

// get single row
public function getUsers()
{
    $query = $this->db->query("SELECT * from users");

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($query->getRow()); // OR print_r($query->getRowObject());
}

Single row result in Array format

// get single row
public function getUsers()
{
    $query = $this->db->query("SELECT * from users");

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($query->getRowArray());
}

First row from table

// get single row
public function getUsers()
{
    $query = $this->db->query("SELECT * from users");

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($query->getFirstRow());
}

Last row from table

// get single row
public function getUsers()
{
    $query = $this->db->query("SELECT * from users");

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($query->getLastRow());
}

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Idea #2 – Working with Query Builder

Suppose you have any controller and used query builder concept to get single row data.

<?php

namespace App\Controllers;

class Site extends BaseController
{
    private $db;
    
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->db = db_connect();
    }

    public function getUsers()
    {
        $usersTable = $this->db->table("users");
        $usersTable->select("name, email");
        $query = $usersTable->get();

        echo "<pre>";
        print_r($query->getRow());
    }
}

Single row in object format

public function getUsers()
{
    $usersTable = $this->db->table("users");
    $usersTable->select("name, email");
    $query = $usersTable->get();

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($query->getRow());
}

We can use the same methods what we used inside raw queries.

  • Single Row Data (Object Format) – $query->getRow() / $query->getRowObject()
  • Single Row Data in Array Format – $query->getRowArray()
  • First Single Row – $query->getFirstRow()
  • Last Single Row – $query->getLastRow()

Idea #3 – Working with Model

Suppose you have any controller and used model concept to get single row data.

<?php

namespace App\Controllers;

use App\Models\UserModel;

class Site extends BaseController
{
    public function getUsers()
    {
        $userObject = new UserModel();

        $data = $userObject->first();

        echo "<pre>";
        print_r($data);
    }
}

Single row data in Array format

public function getUsers()
{
    $userObject = new UserModel();

    $data = $userObject->first();

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($data);
}

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Get Last row data in Array format

public function getUsers()
{
    $userObject = new UserModel();

    $data = $userObject->orderBy("id", "desc")->first();

    echo "<pre>";
    print_r($data);
}

That’s it.

We hope this article helped you to How To Get Single Row Data in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more