How To Run Specific Seeder in Laravel 10 Tutorial

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Seeders are required in Laravel 10 to populate the database with initial or test data. While executing all seeders to populate the whole database is a usual strategy, there may be times when you want to execute a certain seeder separately, targeting only specific tables or data.

This article will walk you through the process of running a specific seeder in Laravel 10. We’ll look at the commands and parameters in Laravel’s Artisan CLI for running a single seeder and seeding specific data into your database.

Read More: How to Store Data in Cache in Laravel 10 Tutorial

Let’s get started.

Laravel Installation

Open terminal and run this command to create a laravel project.

composer create-project laravel/laravel myblog

It will create a project folder with name myblog inside your local system.

To start the development server of laravel –

php artisan serve

URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000

Assuming laravel already installed inside your system.

Create Database & Connect

To create a database, either we can create via Manual tool of PhpMyadmin or by means of a mysql command.

CREATE DATABASE laravel_app;

To connect database with application, Open .env file from application root. Search for DB_ and update your details.

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel_app
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=root

Methods To Run Seeder File

When we create seeders, it will be stored inside /database/seeders folder.

DatabaseSeeder.php is the file from where we can run all seeders for application.

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There are two ways by the help of which we can run a specific seeder file when we need.

  • By using DatabaseSeeder.php file
  • By using –class flag in artisan command

Using ‘DatabaseSeeder.php’ File To Seed Data

Whenever we execute the artisan command like db:seed, it runs all application’s Seeders.

$ php artisan db:seed

The above command will always call DatabaseSeeder.php to seed data or it finds the linked seeder classes from there.

<?php

namespace Database\Seeders;

// use Illuminate\Database\Console\Seeds\WithoutModelEvents;
use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;
use Database\Seeders\ProductSeeder;

class DatabaseSeeder extends Seeder
{
    /**
     * Seed the application's database.
     */
    public function run(): void
    {
        // \App\Models\User::factory(10)->create();

        $this->call(ProductSeeder::class);

        // \App\Models\User::factory()->create([
        //     'name' => 'Test User',
        //     'email' => 'test@example.com',
        // ]);
    }
}

Linked Seeder Class

  • $this->call(ProductSeeder::class);

Whenever you want to run only one seeder class file, specify the linking of that class here.

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Run Migration with Seeder

The given command helps to run migrations with seeder (test data) in laravel application. It calls DatabaseSeeder.php file.

$ php artisan migrate:fresh --seed

Run Seeders Forcefully

It calls DatabaseSeeder.php file while data seeding.

$ php artisan db:seed --force

Using –class flag in Artisan Command

While using db:seed command also we have a available flag by which we can run only a specific seeder class file.

The given command runs only a specified seeder class –

# Run ProductSeeder File
$ php artisan db:seed --class=ProductSeeder

# Run UserSeeder File
$ php artisan db:seed --class=UserSeeder

Run Specific Seeder Forefully

$ php artisan db:seed --class=UserSeeder --force

We hope this article helped you to learn How to Run Specific Seeder in Laravel 10 Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more