Laravel 10 MySQL Cross Join Example Tutorial

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Laravel 10 provides developers with a comprehensive platform for interacting with MySQL databases and extracting useful insights from interconnected data. The CROSS JOIN is a less-known but powerful operation that allows you to generate a Cartesian product of two or more tables, generating all possible combinations of rows between them.

This tutorial will walk you through a complete example of using CROSS JOIN in Laravel 10 with MySQL. We’ll walk you through the steps of defining database associations, preparing migration files, and running CROSS JOIN queries to extract data from many tables.

Read More: Laravel 10 MySQL Right Join Example Tutorial

For this tutorial we will consider a sizes table and a colors table.

Let’s get started.

Types of Joins

As per the documentation we have following types of joins available –

  • Inner Join
  • Left Join
  • Right Join
  • Cross Join

What is Cross Join?

Cross JoinCross joins generate a Cartesian product between the first table and the joined table.

How can we use inside an application and get relational data we will see by making an application. Let’s create an application in which we use Cross Join.

Laravel Installation

Open terminal and run this command to create a laravel project.

composer create-project laravel/laravel myblog

It will create a project folder with name myblog inside your local system.

To start the development server of laravel –

php artisan serve

URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000

Assuming laravel already installed inside your system.

Create Database & Connect

To create a database, either we can create via Manual tool of PhpMyadmin or by means of a mysql command.

CREATE DATABASE laravel_app;

To connect database with application, Open .env file from application root. Search for DB_ and update your details.

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel_app
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=root

Create Migrations & Model

Open project into terminal and run this artisan command.

$ php artisan make:model Size -m

It will create two files –

  • Model file Size.php inside /app/Models folder.
  • Migration file 2023_08_15_062204_create_sizes_table.php inside /database/migrations folder.
$ php artisan make:migration create_colors_table

It will create a migration file 2023_08_15_062234_create_colors_table.php inside /database/migrations folder.

Read More: Laravel 10 MySQL Left Join Example Tutorial

Open xxx_create_sizes_table.php and write this following code into it.

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up(): void
    {
        Schema::create('sizes', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string("size", 15);
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down(): void
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('sizes');
    }
};

Open xxx_create_colors_table.php and write this following code into it.

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up(): void
    {
        Schema::create('colors', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string("color_name", 50);
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down(): void
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('colors');
    }
};

Migrate Migrations

Back to terminal and run this command to migrate all migrations.

$ php artisan migrate

This command will migrate all.

Insert Test Data (Tables)

Here, we have some mysql queries which will insert test data to sizes and colors table.

Copy command and run into SQL tab of mysql database.

--
-- Dumping data for table `sizes`
--

INSERT INTO `sizes` (`id`, `size`) VALUES
(1, 'Small'),
(2, 'Large'),
(3, 'XXL');
--
-- Dumping data for table `colors`
--

INSERT INTO `colors` (`id`, `color_name`) VALUES
(1, 'White'),
(2, 'Black'),
(3, 'Red');

Create Controller

Open project into terminal and run this command.

$ php artisan make:controller SiteController

It will create SiteController.php file inside /app/Http/Controllers folder.

Open SiteController.php and write this code into it.

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Models\Size;

class SiteController extends Controller
{
    public function getData()
    {
        $data = Size::crossJoin("colors")->get();

        echo "<pre>";
        print_r($data);
    }
}

Cross Join Logic

$data = Size::crossJoin("colors")->get();

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Generated Query

To get last executed query –

$query = Size::crossJoin("colors")->toSql();

Query will be –

select * from `sizes` cross join `colors`

Add Route

Open web.php file from /routes folder. Add this route into it.

//...

use App\Http\Controllers\SiteController;

Route::get("cross-join", [SiteController::class, "getData"]);

//...

Application Testing

Run this command into project terminal to start development server,

php artisan serve

URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/cross-join

You will get your data set at output screen.

Complete Data of cartesian between sizes and colors table.

We hope this article helped you to learn about Laravel 10 MySQL Cross Join Example Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more