Multiple Images Upload in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial

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Inside this article we will the concept of multiple images upload in CodeIgniter 4. We can upload any number of images files.

This tutorial is totally from scratch and step by step guide to complete. Multiple Images upload functionality is very common feature in several admin panels of web application where we work with eCommerce type application.

The provided code here will give you the complete concept of multiple images upload in codeigniter 4.

Learn More –

Let’s get started.


CodeIgniter 4 Installation

To create a CodeIgniter 4 setup run this given command into your shell or terminal. Please make sure composer should be installed.

$ composer create-project codeigniter4/appstarter codeigniter-4

Assuming you have successfully installed application into your local system.


.env Setup

When we install CodeIgniter 4, we will have env file at root. To use the environment variables means using variables at global scope we need to do env to .env

Either we can do via renaming file as simple as that. Also we can do by terminal command.

Open project in terminal

$ cp env .env

Above command will create a copy of env file to .env file.

Now we are ready to use environment variables.

Enable Development Mode

CodeIgniter starts up in production mode by default. You need to make it in development mode to see any error if you are working with application.

Open .env file from root.

# CI_ENVIRONMENT = production

 // Do it to 
 
CI_ENVIRONMENT = development

Now application is in development mode.


Create Database

To create a database, either we can create via Manual tool of PhpMyadmin or by means of a mysql command.

CREATE DATABASE codeigniter4_app;

Successfully, we have created a database.


Create Database Table

Next, we need a table. That table will be responsible to store data.

Let’s create table with some columns.

CREATE TABLE `files` (
 `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `name` varchar(120) DEFAULT NULL,
 `path` varchar(120) DEFAULT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

Database Connection

Open .env file from project root.

Search for DATABASE. You should see the connection environment variables. Give your updated details of database connection string.

 
#--------------------------------------------------------------------
# DATABASE
#--------------------------------------------------------------------

database.default.hostname = localhost
database.default.database = codeigniter4_app
database.default.username = root
database.default.password = root
database.default.DBDriver = MySQLi
database.default.DBPrefix =
   

Now, database successfully connected with the application.


Create Route

Open Routes.php from /app/Config folder. Add these routes into it.

//...

$routes->get("upload-files", "SiteController::index");
$routes->post("save-files", "SiteController::saveFiles");

//...

Create Controller

Open project into terminal and run this given spark command to create controller.

$ php spark make:controller Site --suffix

It will create a file SiteController.php inside /app/Controllers folder. Open SiteController.php and write this following code into it.

<?php

namespace App\Controllers;

use App\Controllers\BaseController;

class SiteController extends BaseController
{
	public function __construct()
	{
		$this->db = db_connect();
	}

	public function index()
	{
		return view("upload-files");
	}

	public function saveFiles()
	{
		$builder = $this->db->table('files');

		$session = session();

		$allowed_extensions = ["image/jpg", "image/png", "image/jpeg"];
		$image_files = 0;

		if ($this->request->getFileMultiple('file')) {

			foreach ($this->request->getFileMultiple('file') as $file) {

				// validating image file and then upload
				if(in_array($file->getClientMimeType(), $allowed_extensions)){

					$file->move('uploads');

					$data = [
						'name' =>  $file->getClientName(),
						'path' => 'uploads/' . $file->getClientName()
					];

					$builder->insert($data);

					$image_files++;
				}
			}
			if($image_files > 0){

				$session->setFlashdata("success", "Files uploaded");
			}else{
				$session->setFlashdata("error", "Please select only image file");
			}
		} else {

			$session->setFlashdata("error", "Please choose image file");
		}

		return redirect()->to("upload-files");
	}
}
  • $this->db = db_connect(); This is for creating database instance.
  • $this->db->table(‘files’); Loading files table by query builder of codeigniter 4.
  • $session = session(); Creating a session instance
  • $this->request->getFileMultiple(‘file’); Get multi files from request.
  • $file->move(‘uploads’); Uploading file to /public/uploads folder.
  • $file->getClientName() Get File name
  • $file->getClientMimeType() Get file extension type
  • $builder->insert($data); Insert data into table using query builder
  • $session->setFlashdata(“success”, “Files uploaded”); Setting flash message into session
  • return redirect()->to(“upload-files”); Redirecting to the given route after processing request.

When we upload file, automatically application will create a /uploads folder inside /public folder if it doesn’t exists.


Create View File

Create upload-files.php at /app/Views folder. Open this layout file and write this code.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Codeigniter 4 Multiple Files Images Example</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
 
</head>
<body>
 <div class="container" style="margin-top: 30px;">
   <h3>Codeigniter 4 Multiple Images Upload</h3>
    <br>
     
    <?php if (session('error')) : ?>
        <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissible">
            <?= session('error') ?>
            <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert"><span>×</span></button>
        </div>
    <?php endif ?>

    <?php if (session('success')) : ?>
        <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissible">
            <?= session('success') ?>
            <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert"><span>×</span></button>
        </div>
    <?php endif ?>
 
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-md-9">

        <form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" action="<?php echo base_url('save-files');?>">
 
          <div class="form-group">
            <label for="formGroupExampleInput">Select Files</label>
            <input type="file" name="file[]" class="form-control" multiple>
          </div> 
 
          <div class="form-group">
           <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Submit</button>
          </div>
          
        </form>
      </div>
    </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Application Testing

Start development server:

$ php spark serve

URL: http://localhost:8080/upload-files

When we upload any number of files with no image, then

When we select multiple images from system by pressing Ctrl + Mouse Click, upload it. It will save all images and their paths into database.

We hope this article helped you for Multiple Images Upload in CodeIgniter 4 Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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