Laravel 8 Send Mail using Gmail SMTP Server

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Sending an email in web application is very common. Laravel provides the predefined Mail class used to send mail. We only need to use & configure it. The content of this article is very useful to understand the things that we need to send a normal email using SMTP.

Inside this article we will Laravel 8 Send Mail using Gmail SMTP Server. We will use Gmail and it’s SMTP with Laravel 8.

Send Email in Laravel 8 using Markdown Email template, Click here.

To get the complete concept of this article you need SMTP details.

Learn More –

Let’s get started.


Installation of Laravel Application

Laravel Installation can be done in two ways.

  • Laravel Installer
  • By using composer

Laravel Installer

To install Laravel via Laravel installer, we need to install it’s installer first. We need to make use of composer for that.

$ composer global require laravel/installer

This command will install laravel installer at system. This installation is at global scope, so you type command from any directory at terminal. To verify type the given command –

$ laravel

This command will open a command palette of Laravel Installer.

To create ad install laravel project in system,

$ laravel new blog

With the name of blog a laravel project will be created at your specified path.

By using composer

Alternatively, we can also install Laravel by Composer command create-project.

If your system doesn’t has composer Installed, Learn Composer Installation Steps.

Here is the complete command to create a laravel project-

$ composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

After following these steps we can install a Laravel application into system.

To start the development server of Laravel –

$ php artisan serve

This command outputs –

Starting Laravel development server: http://127.0.0.1:8000

Assuming laravel already installed at system.


SMTP Configuration with Laravel 8

To configure SMTP details, open up the file .env from application root. We will pass mail driver as gmail server, mail host, mail port, mail username, mail password.

MAIL_MAILER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com
MAIL_PORT=587
MAIL_USERNAME="mygmail@gmail.com"
MAIL_PASSWORD="mypassword"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS="mygmail@gmail.com"
MAIL_FROM_NAME="Online Web Tutor"
  

Make sure you have enabled google security setting form your gmail. go to Google account and click on “Account”. Once you are on the “Account” page, click on “Security“. Scroll down to the bottom and you will find “Less secure app access” settings. Set as ON.

Have a look into these images.


Create Mail Class of Laravel 8

Inside this we will create mail class via artisan command which will be responsible for sending emails.

$ php artisan make:mail MyTestMail

When you run this command via terminal, application will creates a folder with the name of Mail inside app folder. You should see a file /app/Mail/MyTestMail.php.

Open file MyTestMail.php

<?php
  
namespace App\Mail;
  
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
  
class MyTestMail extends Mailable
{
    use Queueable, SerializesModels;
  
    public $details;
  
    /**
     * Create a new message instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($details)
    {
        $this->details = $details;
    }
  
    /**
     * Build the message.
     *
     * @return $this
     */
    public function build()
    {
        return $this->subject('Mail from Online Web Tutor')
                    ->view('emails.myTestMail');
    }
}

Create Mail Blade Template

Let’s create a folder inside /resources/views/emails. Inside this folder simply create a blade template file with following content.

Open up the file /resources/views/emails/myTestMail.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Online Web Tutor</title>
</head>
<body>
  
    <h1>{{ $details['title'] }}</h1>
    <p>{{ $details['body'] }}</p>
   
    <p>Thank you</p>
</body>
</html>

Configure Application Route

To configure application routes, open up the file /routes/web.php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;

Route::get('send-mail', function () {
   
  $details = [
      'title' => 'Mail from Online Web Tutor',
      'body' => 'Test mail sent by Laravel 8 using SMTP.'
  ];
 
  Mail::to('send_to_email@gmail.com')->send(new \App\Mail\MyTestMail($details));
 
  dd("Email is Sent, please check your inbox.");
});

Application Testing

Open project to terminal and type the command to start development server

$ php artisan serve

Open up the URL – http://127.0.0.1/send-mail

We hope this article helped you to learn about Laravel 8 Send Mail using Gmail SMTP Server in a very detailed way.

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