How To Generate Fake Data in Node Js Express Sequelize

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Populating a database with realistic but fake data is a common need during the development and testing phases of a Node.js Express application. Sequelize, a powerful ORM for Node.js, simplifies database interactions.

In this tutorial, we’ll see how to efficiently generate fake data using tools like Faker and Sequelize to streamline the development and testing process.

Read More: Create HTTP Web Server in Node js Using Express js

Let’s get started.

Step-by-Step Project Plan

Here, these are the steps which you need to follow to create an application which seeds dummy data:

  • Setup package.json file
  • Installation of Node packages
  • Project Initialization
  • Database Connectivity
  • Setup Migration (DB Table)
  • Create Seeder
  • Application Testing

Seed Fake Data with Node.js and Sequelize CLI

Follow all these steps very carefully to seed fake data.

Step #1: Setup “package.json” file

Open project into terminal and run this command,

npm init -y

It will create a basic file (first file) for your application.

{
    "name": "mysql",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "description": "",
    "main": "index.js",
    "scripts": {
        "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
    },
    "keywords": [],
    "author": "",
    "license": "ISC"
}

Step #2: Installation of “Node packages”

Back to project terminal and run this command,

npm install express mysql2 sequelize sequelize-cli @faker-js/faker

Here, you are installing 5 node packages in a single line command.

Once installed your package.json file will be updated as,

{
    "name": "mysql",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "description": "",
    "main": "index.js",
    "scripts": {
        "test": "echo \"Error: no test specified\" && exit 1"
    },
    "keywords": [],
    "author": "",
    "license": "ISC",
    "dependencies": {
        "@faker-js/faker": "^8.3.1",
        "express": "^4.18.2",
        "mysql2": "^3.6.2",
        "sequelize": "^6.33.0",
        "sequelize-cli": "^6.6.1"
    }
}

After successful installation of sequelize-cli, you will get the command list of sequelize to work with application.

So, if you run this command

npx sequelize

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Step #3: Project Initialization

Back to project terminal and run this command,

npx sequelize init

Above command will initializes your node project and create 4 important folders into it.

Folders are: config, migrations, models, seeders.

Additionally, you will get config.json file inside /config and index.js file inside /models folder.

Also, create this basic file app.js (main file) at project root.

Once you create these files, update main property of package.json file to app.js. Old value you will get as index.js.

{
    "name": "mysql",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "description": "",
    "main": "app.js",
    ...
}

Step #4: Database Connectivity

Create a database with name “your_database_name“.

Go inside project editor and open config.json file and update development property. Add database connection string values.

Code of config.json file as,

{
    "development": {
        "username": "your_db_username",
        "password": "your_db_password",
        "database": "your_database_name",
        "host": "127.0.0.1",
        "dialect": "mysql"
    },
    "test": {
        "username": "root",
        "password": null,
        "database": "database_test",
        "host": "127.0.0.1",
        "dialect": "mysql"
    },
    "production": {
        "username": "root",
        "password": null,
        "database": "database_production",
        "host": "127.0.0.1",
        "dialect": "mysql"
    }
}

Step #5: Setup Migration (DB Table)

Back to project terminal and run this command,

npx sequelize migration:create --name create_employees_table

It will create a file in your project folder.

  • File 20231029153121-create-employee.js migration file inside /migrations folder.

Open migration file and write this complete code into it,

'use strict';
/** @type {import('sequelize-cli').Migration} */
module.exports = {
    async up(queryInterface, Sequelize) {
        await queryInterface.createTable('employees', {
            id: {
                allowNull: false,
                autoIncrement: true,
                primaryKey: true,
                type: Sequelize.INTEGER
            },
            name: {
                type: Sequelize.STRING(120),
                allowNull: false
            },
            email: {
                type: Sequelize.STRING(50),
                allowNull: false
            },
            gender: {
                type: Sequelize.ENUM("male", "female", "other"),
                defaultValue: "male"
            },
            mobile: {
                type: Sequelize.STRING(50),
                allowNull: true
            }
        });
    },
    async down(queryInterface, Sequelize) {
        await queryInterface.dropTable('employees');
    }
};

Back to project terminal and run this command,

npx sequelize db:migrate

It will create a table with name employees in your database.

Read More: Creating CRUD APIs with Node.js and Sequelize CLI

Step #5: Create Seeder (Seed Fake Data)

Run this command,

npx sequelize seed:generate --name EmployeeSeeder

It will create a file in your project folder.

  • File 20231128070944-EmployeeSeeder.js migration file inside /seeders folder.

Open file and write this complete code into it,

'use strict';

const { faker } = require("@faker-js/faker");

/** @type {import('sequelize-cli').Migration} */
module.exports = {
    async up(queryInterface, Sequelize) {
        /**
         * Add seed commands here.
         *
         * Example:
         * await queryInterface.bulkInsert('People', [{
         *   name: 'John Doe',
         *   isBetaMember: false
         * }], {});
         */
        var employees = generateFakeEmployees(200);

        await queryInterface.bulkInsert('employees', employees, {});
    },

    async down(queryInterface, Sequelize) {
        /**
         * Add commands to revert seed here.
         *
         * Example:
         * await queryInterface.bulkDelete('People', null, {});
         */
    }
};


function generateFakeEmployees(count) {

    let students = [];

    for (let i = 0; i < count; i++) {

        students.push({
            "name": faker.person.fullName(),
            "email": faker.internet.email(),
            "mobile": faker.phone.number(),
            "gender": faker.helpers.arrayElement(["male", "female", "other"])
        });
    }

    return students;
}

Back to project terminal and run this command,

npx sequelize db:seed --seed 20231128070944-EmployeeSeeder

It will generate 200 fake employees data for table.

That’s it.

We hope this article helped you to learn about How To Generate Fake Data in Node Js Express Sequelize Tutorial in a very detailed way.

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Sanjay KumarHello friends, I am Sanjay Kumar a Web Developer by profession. Additionally I'm also a Blogger, Youtuber by Passion. I founded Online Web Tutor and Skillshike platforms. By using these platforms I am sharing the valuable knowledge of Programming, Tips and Tricks, Programming Standards and more what I have with you all. Read more